Journal of virological methods,2016年229:70-77 ISSN：0166-0934
[Shen, Bao-Sheng] Public Health Hospital, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, PR China;[Ma, Hua] Students' Affairs Division, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, PR China;[Qu, Fan-Wei] International College, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, PR China;[Jiang, Run-Sheng] Public Health Hospital, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, PR China. Electronic address: email@example.com;[Bai, Wen-Wei] Department of Internal Medicine-Cardiovascular, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, PR China
[Jiang, Run-Sheng] Public Health Hospital, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, PR China. Electronic address:
HIV-1;CRF07_BC;Men who have sex with men;Infectious molecular clone;Full-length cDNA clone;Long terminal repeat
This study aimed to investigate the biological characterization of HIV type 1 (HIV-1) CRF07_BC infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). From November 2011 to November 2013, a total of 66 blood samples were collected from MSM with acute HIV-1 infection with CRF07_BC subgroup strains. Deletion in the gag p6 region was detected by sequence alignment and comparative analysis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HNXX1301-1307 samples were separated by density gradient centrifugation. Nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) was used to amplify the viral DNA. The near full-length HIV-1 DNA products were ligated to the long terminal repeat (LTR) vector plasmid (07BCLTR) to construct a full-length HIV clone. The molecular clone was transfected into HEK-293T cells, TZM-b1 cells and patients' PBMCs. The pregenome of an infectious molecular clone of HIV-1 (pNL4-3) was amplified, and a subclone with CRF07_BC was developed to construct the full-length chimeric molecular clone pNL4-3/07BCLTR. Detection of p24 antigen and luciferase activity was used to measure the in vitro infectivity of pNL4-3/07BCLTR. Among the 66 MSM patients infected with CRF07_BC strains, deletion mutations of the Gag P6 proteins were found in 7 of 18CRF07_BC strains; deletion mutations of 2-13 amino acids in different regions were discovered in 6 strains; and the remaining 42 strains did not show deletions. Seven strains with amino acids deficiency in the P6 protein accounted for 27% of all strains and 75% of all deletion genotype strains. A total of 186 full-length molecular clones of CRF07_BC were constructed. There were 5, 9, 10 and 11 clones of HNXX1302, HNXX1304, HNXX1305 and HNXX1306 that resulted in p24 positive supernatant when transfected into HEK-293T cells. Full-length clones of HNXX1302, HNXX1304, HNXX1305 and HNXX1306 showed slight infection in the transfected TZM-b1 cells, as judged by the fluorescence values of TZM-b1 cells 48 h post-transfection. However, we were unable to transfect the patients' PMBCs with the above four clones. The phylogenetic tree of the C2V3 segment of the Env gene showed that a significant gene cluster was formed by all of the chimeric full-length HNXX1306 clones, and the bootstrap value for this cluster was 97.5%. Patients' PBMCs could be infected by 1306N6, 1306N13 and 1306N22 chimeric full-length clones. The CRF07_BC subtype (6889-7407 nucleotide residues of HXB2) is one of the most prevalent epidemic HIV-1 virus strains among the MSM population. The full-length chimeric molecular clone pNL4-3/07BCLTR may significantly improve the in vitro infectivity of the CRF07_BC strain. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.